Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Patients With Underage Children: An Integrative Review
Gabriela Mota-George, MSN, APRN, FNP-BC, AOCNP®, Ashley Martinez, DNP, APRN, FNP-BC, AOCNP®, CBCN, CPHQ, NEA-BC, and Joyce E. Dains, DrPH, JD, APRN, FNP-BC, FNAP, FAANP
From The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
Authors’ disclosures of conflicts of interest are found at the end of this article.
Correspondence to: Gabriela Mota-George,
MSN, APRN, FNP-BC, AOCNP®,
1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030
J Adv Pract Oncol 2023;14(5):390–402 |
© 2023 Harborside™
As many as 24.7% of cancer patients are also parents to children younger than 18 years of age. This population faces unique challenges, and quality of life in parental cancer patients has not been well studied. This integrative review assessed parental cancer patients’ quality of life. PubMed and Scopus were searched using the following terms: quality of life, distress, anxiety, coping, emotion, social support, employment, work, psychosocial, physical, function, parental cancer, and parents with cancer. English publications conducted within the past 15 years that used an objective instrument to measure quality of life in adult cancer patients with children 18 years of age or younger were included. Studies with an intervention focus were excluded. After review of 672 articles, nine studies met the criteria for inclusion. Several instruments were utilized to measure quality of life. Some parental cancer patients reported decreased quality of life when compared with other cancer patients and the general population at diagnosis and years after. Parental cancer patients may be at an increased risk of decreased quality of life. With this understanding, health-care providers should complete comprehensive assessments routinely so that these patients’ unique needs may be more adequately addressed.
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