Research and Scholarship
Serious Illness Conversation Training for Inpatient Medical Oncology Advanced Practice Providers: A Quality Improvement Project
Jo Clarke, DNP, ANP-BC, NP-C, ACNP-BC, APRN-CNP, AOCNP®, Mary Alice Momeyer, DNP, APRN-CNP, Robin Rosselet, DNP, RN, APRN-CNP, AOCN®, Loraine Sinnott, PhD, and Janine Overcash, PhD, APRN-CNP, FAANP, FAAN
From The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio
Authors’ disclosures of conflicts of interest are found at the end of this article.
Correspondence to: Jo Clarke, DNP, ANP-BC, NP-C, ACNP-BC, APRN-CNP, AOCNP®, 410 W 10th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210
J Adv Pract Oncol 2023;14(1):37–48 |
© 2023 Harborside™
Background: Hospitalized advanced cancer patients and their families are inadequately informed about their cancer diagnosis and prognosis, which limits educated and reasonable decision-making for their care and end-of-life planning. Objectives: The primary objective of this evidence-based project was to enhance serious illness conversations (SICs) with advanced cancer patients by providing advanced practice providers (APP) training and to increase the frequency of SIC documentation in the electronic medical record (EMR). Methods: SIC training included a 45-minute Zoom video recording and 30-minute discussion groups. Advanced practice providers’ beliefs and self-efficacy were measured pre- and post-training via a survey. Prior training was queried in the pre-survey. Data from APP discussion groups were summarized and themes identified. Serious illness conversation documentation frequency was measured. Pre- and post-survey differences were assessed using Wilcoxon rank sum tests. Findings: 19 inpatient medical oncology nurse practitioners and 6 physician assistants participated. Many reported little formal training yet are engaging in SICs regularly. Scores on both the belief and self-efficacy survey sections were high prior to training and did not significantly change following training. Despite the high pre-survey scores, many of the APPs verbalized the need for more training to improve their confidence and to learn SIC communication skills. Training significantly improved the APP’s ability to manage their own emotions and be present. This indicates a trend toward improved APP comfort with SICs. Accessible documentation in the EMR increased with training.
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