Research and Scholarship

Shared Decision-Making in Managing Breakthrough Cancer Pain in Patients With Advanced Cancer

Jeannine M. Brant,(1) PhD, APRN, AOCN®, FAAN, Debra Wujcik,(2) PhD, RN, FAAN, William N. Dudley,(3) PhD, Alison Petok,(4) MSW, LSW, Brooke Worster,(4) MD, Diane Jones,(1) MSN, NP, Kim Bosket,(1) RN, BSN, OCN®, Christian Brady,(1) MSN, AGNP, APRN, and Carrie Tompkins Stricker,(4) PhD, RN, ANP-BC

From (1)Billings Clinic, Billings, Montana; (2)Carevive Systems, Inc., Nashville, Tennessee; (3)Piedmont, Greensboro, North Carolina; (4)Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Authors’ disclosures of conflicts of interest are found at the end of this article.

Correspondence to: Jeannine M. Brant, PhD, APRN, AOCN®, FAAN, Billings Clinic, 2800 10th Avenue North, Billings, MT 59102. E-mail: jbrant@coh.org


J Adv Pract Oncol 2022;13(1):19–29 | https://doi.org/10.6004/jadpro.2022.13.1.2 | © 2022 Harborside™


  

ABSTRACT

Background: Pain is a significant problem in patients with cancer. Breakthrough cancer pain contributes to the pain experience, but it is often underassessed and underrecognized. Shared decision-making (SDM), where patient preferences, goals, and concerns are discussed and integrated into a shared decision, can potentially foster earlier identification of pain, including breakthrough cancer pain, and improve pain management. Objectives: To explore the use of SDM to evaluate its impact on cancer pain management. Methods: This prospective, multisite study engaged patients with advanced cancer to explore the use of SDM in managing cancer pain using a digital platform with an expanded pain assessment. Decision preferences were noted and incorporated into care. Outcomes included pain and patient-perceived pain care quality. Results: 51 patients with advanced cancer enrolled in the study. The mean pain score was 5 out of 10 throughout the three study time points. 88% of patients experienced breakthrough cancer pain of severe intensity at baseline and approximately 70% at visits two and three. The majority of breakthrough cancer pain episodes lasted longer than 30 minutes. The majority (86%) of participating patients desired shared decision-making or patient-driven decision-making. Most patients expressed satisfaction with the level of shared decision-making in managing their cancer pain. Breakthrough cancer pain remained significant for most patients. Conclusions: SDM incorporated into pain discussions has the potential to improve pain outcomes, but significant challenges remain in managing breakthrough cancer pain.




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