Analysis of Real-World Data on Overall Survival in Multiple Myeloma Patients With ≥3 Prior Lines of Therapy Including a Proteasome Inhibitor (PI) and an Immunomodulatory Drug (IMiD), or Double Refractory to a PI and an IMiD


This retrospective study evaluated the treatment patterns in and overall survival (OS) of multiple myeloma (MM) patients who were refractory to a proteasome inhibitor (PI) and an immunomodulatory drug (IMiD) or who had received three or more prior lines of therapy (LOTs) including a PI and an IMiD.


Electronic health records in the IMS LifeLink and OPTUM databases were screened for indexing periods of 2000–2014 and 2007–2014, respectively. Patients who were refractory to both a PI and an IMiD (criterion 1) or who received three or more prior LOTs (including a PI and an IMiD) and showed disease progression within 60 days of their most recent regimen (criterion 2) comprised the eligible population. Median OS from time of last LOT was assessed for the full cohort, cohorts meeting criteria 1 and 2, and clinically important subgroups.


Of 3,929 and 3,837 patients with MM diagnoses evaluated in the IMS LifeLink and OPTUM databases, 500 and 162 met the eligibility criteria, respectively. Similar median OS was observed for eligible patients in the IMS LifeLink and OPTUM databases (7.9 vs. 7.9 months; p = .5358). In subgroup analyses of the IMS LifeLink data set, median OS was longer in patients <65 years of age than it was for those ≥65 years at eligibility (9.5 vs 6.7 months; p < .01) and in patients with good or unreported versus poor performance status at last claim (7.8 or 8.8 vs. 2.9 months; p < .0001).


The findings of this survival analysis suggest that outcomes for these patients remain poor despite the availability of newer agents.


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