Practice Matters

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Sleep in Cancer Patients: Research, Techniques, and Individual Considerations

Laura Melton, PhD, ABPP

University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Denver, Colorado

Author’s disclosures of conflicts of interest are found at the end of this article.

Laura Melton, PhD, ABPP, MS 8117, 12801 E 17th Ave, Aurora, CO 80045. E-mail: laura.melton@ucdenver.edu


J Adv Pract Oncol 2018;9(7):732–740 | https://doi.org/10.6004/jadpro.2018.9.7.4 | © 2018 Harborside™


  

ABSTRACT

Abstract

This article reviews cognitive behavioral therapy techniques for sleep in the cancer realm. There are unique factors associated with cancer that can exacerbate sleep issues. Stimulus control, sleep restriction, relaxation, paradoxical intention, and cognitive therapy are discussed as specific components of cognitive behavioral therapy for sleep, and practical techniques for implementation are provided. Individual considerations in implementing these techniques are also discussed, including factors such as age, ethnicity, gender, relationship status, educational level, work status, cancer history, pharmacologic treatments, and health beliefs.




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