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Mutations of Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS): An Update

The presence of DNMT3A, TET2, and ASXL1 mutations in normal elderly individuals forms the basis of understanding that accumulation of somatic mutations may not cause direct disease-development; however, cooperation with other mutations in the genes that are frequently mutated in myeloid and other hematopoietic cancers might result in clonal expansion through self-renewal and/or proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells.

 Mutation Research/Reviews in Mutation Research