Original Research

Beyond BRCA: A Pilot Program to Assess and Improve Knowledge of Pharmacogenomic Testing Among Advanced Practitioners in a Breast Cancer Treatment Setting

Samuel L. Hoffman,(1) DNP, RN, Robert Reid Kaufman,(2) PharmD, Shannon Ferrari,(3) PA-C, MPAS, Sheila Ann Alexander,(2) PhD, RN, FCCM, Margaret Quinn Rosenzweig,(2) PhD, CRNP-C, AOCN®, FAAN, and Susan W. Wesmiller,(4) PhD, RN

(1)Doctoral Program of Nursing Practice in Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh; (2)University of Pittsburgh, Acute and Tertiary Care; (3)Magee-Womens Hospital, Breast Cancer; (4)University of Pittsburgh, Health Promotion and Development, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Samuel L. Hoffman, DNP, RN, University of Pittsburgh, 3500 Victoria Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.
E-mail: samlhoffman@gmail.com

Authors’ disclosures of potential conflicts of interest are found at the end of this article.


J Adv Pract Oncol 2016;7:382–389 | doi: 10.6004/jadpro.2016.7.4.2 | © 2016 Harborside Press®


  

ABSTRACT

To provide the best available evidence-based care to their patients, advanced practitioners (APs) must become proficient in genomic competencies and remain informed regarding the availability of pharmacogenomic tests. Databases, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s “Genomic Testing,” provide guidance about pharmacogenomic testing, but many APs are not aware of these resources. This study employed a quasi-experimental pretest/posttest design using a convenience sample of APs in a large clinical outpatient breast cancer clinic to assess the knowledge base, beliefs, attitudes, and barriers regarding pharmacogenomic testing among front-line APs and increase knowledge through a targeted educational intervention. The objectives of the educational intervention were to (1) increase knowledge of the clinical indication for testing; (2) increase collaboration among the interprofessional team; and (3) identify correctly when the plan of care should be modified based on pharmacogenomic test results to optimize patient outcomes. Responses showed that these oncology APs possess a strong foundation in genetics and support the addition of new pharmacogenomic tests to their practice.




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